Summer is about outdoor recreation, longer days in the sun, and water activities – but these joys also come with risks. Ultraviolet (UV) rays are radiation from the sun that can burn the eyes, hair and skin when not properly protected. Outdoor sports and recreation expose us to harmful UV rays and prolonged sun exposure can lead to skin cancer and eye damage.1 The good news? These harms can be avoided by practicing sun safety:

Avoid the sun: UV rays are strongest between 10 am and 4 pm. Seek shade or move indoors, and schedule outdoor events for morning or evening.

Use sunscreen with at least 30 SPF. Because glass and clouds don’t block UVA rays, use sunscreen in cars and indoors or close the curtains when near windows and wear sunscreen even when the sun is hidden.

· Wear a hat with a brim that shades your face, ears, eyes and nose.

· Sunglasses aren’t just a fashion accessory—they protect your eyes from the risk of cataracts.

· Avoid tanning, even in booths. They carry the same cancer risks as sun bathing.


Drowning is the second leading cause of accidental death for people under age 24. Here are some scary facts about drowning:

· In 2008, there was an average of 10 drowning deaths daily.

· Drowning can occur in as little one inch of water and in just a few minutes. 19% of drowning deaths involving children occur in public pools with certified lifeguards present.2 Nonetheless, lack of supervision is the biggest factor when children under the age of 5 drown.

· As many as 77% of the victims were missing in less than 5 minutes.3

Water safety is as important to boaters as it is to swimmers. More people die in boating accidents each year than in airplane and train accidents.3 Alcohol use is reported in 1/5 of boating fatalities and in up to 50% of teen and adult deaths associated with water recreation. Alcohol and water never mix! Some precautions you can take are:

· Learn to swim and know your limits.

· Use the buddy system and never swim alone. Always swim in safe and supervised areas. Be careful when diving.

· Learn CPR and teach your children. Post CPR directions in your home in a visible location.

· Never leave children unattended and don’t rely on safety rings or floatation devices, many of which are little more than toys.

· Keep pools gated and locked whenever an adult is not present. Make sure older children know pool rules.

· Have properly fitting lifesaving devices easily accessible and store pool toys when not in use.

· When boating, make sure the boat operator is experienced and competent. Wear a life jacket while onboard.

· Tell people where you’re going and when you’ll return. Stay in touch via radio and know standard distress signals.


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